Bible Study

Introduction to the Book of Philippians

Before we begin our study of the book of Philippians, we need to do a little exploration of that time in history.

Where was the book of Philippians written?

Philippi was a very fertile area located close to the Aegean Sea with a population of around 2,000 people. It was originally a Phoenician mining town located in the mountains on Thasos because it was close to gold mines.

When it was captured in 358 B.C. by Philip, it was given the name Philippi. Philip was the king of Macedonia and father of Alexander the Great. Later on, the Romans won Philippi in a battle from the Greeks.

As a Roman colony, Philippi grew in prominence because it was on the main road from Rome to the province of Asia. The people of Philippi were Roman citizens who had the right to vote and to govern themselves. Paul describes Philippi as an important city in Acts 16:12. What does he say about Philippi?

The Roman citizens took great pride in being part of the Roman colony. Perhaps this was the reason the Romans criticized Paul for trying to introduce customs and practices contrary to those of the Romans. What does the Bible say about this is Acts 16:21-16?

Who wrote the book of Philippians?

Philippians 1:1 tells us that Paul wrote this book to all of God’s holy people at Philippi.

When was Philippians written?

A.D. 61 Since Philippians was written toward the end of Paul’s imprisonment at Rome, it was probably written in of A.D. 61.

Why was Philippians written?

Paul’s letter shares how thankful he was for the continual support that the church in Philippi had given him while he was preaching and while he was in prison in Rome. What does the Bible say in Philippians 1:3-5, 4:15 and 4:10 to show this gratitude?

What’s next? Read through the entire book during the week and make a list of ideas or themes for Philippians you see in the words.

Want more? A printable study guide is available by clicking the link below. It contains questions and thoughts to consider as we prepare to begin our study of Philippians.

Study Guide 1